While traveling it is important to protect yourself by getting vaccinated. There are some vaccines that you are required to take before travelling to any destination. You should visit your doctor a month or so before your travelling date to get the required medicines and vaccinations.
The most common vaccines one is required to take before travelling include diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis (DPT) vaccine, measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine chickenpox vaccine and polio vaccine.
The main reason why travel vaccines are administered before travelling to another country is because there may be risks of these diseases in the country you are traveling to. Therefore, there is need to be protected against those diseases by getting vaccinated.
CDC recommends this vaccine to be administered before traveling to Africa because you can get hepatitis A by taking contaminated food or water. Once you are vaccinated, you are at a lower risk of contracting hepatitis A while on your .
Typhoid is a common disease in most African countries. One can get typhoid by consuming contaminated food or water. The vaccine is recommended if you will be visiting rural areas on your visit to African countries.
Malaria is spread through mosquito bites. Most African countries have mosquitoes in most of their regions. To avoid getting malaria, you will need to avoid mosquito bites by sleeping under treated mosquito nets and wearing long sleeved shirts and trousers.
You will also be required to take antimalarial prescription medicines before, during and after your trip to Africa to avoid getting malaria. While in African countries, ensure that they provide treated mosquito nets in their rooms.
Rabies vaccine is recommended for tourists who are likely to spend most of their time outdoors and are at a higher risk of being attacked by animals. Rabies is spread by animal bites or scratches. It is important to take this vaccine if you will be spending time with animals to protect yourself against rabies.
Measles is a common disease in African countries. You can prevent contracting measles by being immunized or through natural measles infection.
Yellow fever is a viral disease usually spread through infected mosquitoes’ bites. The disease is fatal and can cause liver failure in severe cases. Getting vaccinated against yellow fever is the most common way of preventing contracting the disease.
You can also prevent getting the disease by avoiding mosquito bites by applying mosquito repellents and covering your body especially at night. While travelling to African countries, there is need to provide proof of vaccination against yellow fever.
Hepatitis B is a viral disease usually transmitted through blood, contaminated surgical equipment or through unprotected sexual intercourse. It is recommended to take the Hepatitis B vaccine when travelling to an African country. By doing this, you will protected against the disease in case you get piercings and tattoos or have emergency surgical procedures.
Polio is a disease that is usually spread from one person to another. It can also be spread through contaminated food and water. It is advisable for tourists traveling to African countries including Kenya and Nigeria to get a polio booster.
The vaccinations you are required to take depend on the you are visiting, the activities you will be involved in, your general health and the length of your stay in the specific country. Visiting your doctor a few months before your traveling date to African countries will help him assess your health and recommend the vaccines that you should take.